Today’s 5G corridor funding announcement is more than just a typical industry announcement — it’s a sign that Canada is gearing up for a 5G revolution.
Funding for the initiative will be collected through a joint partnership between Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED), the Ontario and Quebec governments, as well as Thales, Ciena, IBM, Ericsson and CGI under the name Evolution of Networked Services through a Corridor in Quebec and Ontario for Research and Innovation (ENCQOR).
The Canadian governmental partners will contribute approximately $200 million CAD, while industry partners will fund the remaining $200 million.
The ultimate question, however, is how precisely will today’s $400 million CAD announcement affect Canadians?
Establishing innovation hubs to centralize innovation
To begin with, it’s important to note that the 5G corridor will not be a single, contiguous space of innovation.
According to Mark Henderson, chairman of Ericsson Canada, “there’ll be innovation hubs that are created in Quebec and Montreal and Toronto and Ottawa and Waterloo.”
“So the next generation equipment will be implemented in these innovation hubs, that will be the centre of activities in those cities at that time,” said Henderson, in a phone interview with MobileSyrup. “Of course, you don’t have to physically be in those cities or at that innovation hub to connect, but that’s where the equipment will be physically installed.”
“there’ll be innovation hubs that are created in Quebec and Montreal and Toronto and Ottawa and Waterloo.”
Henderson said that there will be five innovation hubs at first. The names and exact locations of those hubs have yet to be announced.
Henderson notes that “virtually anyone” will be able to connect to the open networks, but was unable to confirm whether the innovation hubs will be fully open to the public.
The hubs will be filled with small and medium enterprises (SME) looking to develop and investigate 5G applications.
“This testbed is designed specifically around enabling 5G tests, deployment [and], to a certain degree, research,” said Rodney Wilson, Ciena’s chief technologist of research networks, in a phone interview with MobileSyrup.
“The real thing we expect to see is new applications… we’re looking for smart, upcoming small or medium enterprises that are bringing new applications.”
“This testbed is designed specifically around enabling 5G tests, deployment [and] to a certain degree, research.”
Dr. Tom Corr, the CEO of Ontario Centres of Excellence (OCE), told MobileSyrup in a phone interview that he anticipates “about 500… will come from Ontario.”
Of course, it’s important to recognize that, as of right now, we don’t really know exactly how 5G technology will be used by both the general public and industry.
We know that 5G will be able to send and receive more information faster, with lower latency, but how precisely those features will be implemented is yet to be seen.
As of right now, 5G is primarily being promoted as a way to improve Internet of Things (IoT) support and machine-to-machine communications.
“The market is coming, 5G is coming and for Canada to be a part of that, to be a part of the IoT ecosystem, to prepare these companies is the goal,” said Henderson.
“…very much is going to be leveraged to help these SMEs move forward and create jobs in Ontario…”
However, the fact that the ENCQOR coalition is comprised of five global tech companies means that the companies that will soon populate the corridor will have access to leader global sources of mentorship — mentors well-suited to answering the 5G implementation question.
“If an entrepreneur develops an application… [and wants] to partner with Ericsson, let’s say, it’s a great opportunity for them to do so,” said Corr.
“They key here is the skin and the game of the large industry suppliers that are already applied very much is going to be leveraged to help these SMEs move forward and create jobs in Ontario and create a lot of exports.”
Of course, industry involvement isn’t purely altruistic. After all, these companies will be gaining terabytes of test and research data, to say nothing of the fact that they’ll position themselves as 5G leaders once the technology formally rolls out.
Drawing upon support from academia and Canadian carriers
While the corridor is great news for businesses, it’s also important to remember that 14 post-secondary institutions — including Carleton University, Algonquin College, the University of Toronto, Queen’s University and Ryerson University — have also expressed support for the ENCQOR initiative.
“The idea is the universities can engage in the corridor itself, can connect to the corridor,” said Henderson.
“It’s certainly open to all the academics.”
“Canada has an opportunity to either be a follower… or we have an opportunity to lead.”
As for Canada’s wireless carriers, Henderson and Corr both said that they’ve been involved in ENCQOR discussions.
However, Corr clarified that the corridor “is a development platform to get access to the 5G resources.”
Carrier involvement, therefore, will “only happen once it’s been developed.”
Granted, it’s still necessary to acknowledge that there’s still quite a bit of work that needs to take place before any country formally deploys commercial, public-facing 5G.
“We think this very significant investment is the kind of investment that Canada needs…”
Still, there’s no denying that today’s funding announcement is a substantial step forward in guaranteeing that Canada remains competitive in the global race to 5G.
“Canada has an opportunity to either be a follower and watch the innovation and exciting things and invention and IP development in other countries, or we have an opportunity to lead,” said Wilson.
“That’s really what ENCQOR is enabling. We think it’s very cool.”